RIBA 영국왕립건축가협회 

RIBA General Criteria


GC1 Ability to create architectural designs that satisfy both aesthetic and technical requirements
The graduate will have the ability to: 

prepare and present building design projects of diverse scale, complexity, and type in a variety of contexts, using a range of media, and in

response to a brief;
understand the constructional and structural systems, the environmental strategies and the regulatory requirements that apply to the design and construction of a comprehensive design project;
develop a conceptual and critical approach to architectural design that integrates and satisfies the aesthetic aspects of a building and the technical requirements of its construction and the needs of the user.


GC2 Adequate knowledge of the histories and theories of architecture and the related arts, technologies and human sciences
The graduate will have an adequate knowledge of:

the differing cultural, social, intellectual histories and theories and technologies that influence the conceptual design of buildings;
building design projects which reflect the influence of history and theory on the spatial, social, and technological aspects of architecture;
the application of appropriate theoretical approaches to studio design projects, demonstrating a reflective and critical appreciation of architectural culture.


GC 3 Knowledge of the fine arts as an influence on the quality of architectural design
The graduate will have knowledge of: 
the theories, practices and technologies of the arts and arts production, and the relationship of these to architectural design;
the cultural relevance and impact of such work on architecture projects;  
the creative application of such work to studio design projects, both in terms of their conceptualisation and representation.


GC4 Adequate knowledge of urban design, planning and the skills involved in the planning process

The graduate will have an adequate knowledge of:
theories of urban design and the future planning of communities; 
the influence on the contemporary built environment of the design and development of cities, past and present; 
contemporary planning policy and development control legislation, including social, environmental and economic aspects, and the relevance of these to design development.


GC5 Understanding of the relationship between people and buildings, and between buildings and their environment, and the need to relate buildings and
the spaces between them to human needs and scale 

The graduate will have an understanding of: 
strategies for developing natural landscapes and civic spaces, and the need to reflectively consider appropriate scale in design proposals at local, regional and global levels;
the impact of architectural design projects on the surrounding built environment, realised within relevant precepts of sustainable design;
climatic design and the relationship between climate, form and construction, building users, and energy consumption.


GC6 Understanding of the profession of architecture and the role of the architect in society, in particular in preparing briefs that take account of social
factors

The graduate will have an understanding of: 

the nature of professionalism and the duties and responsibilities of architects to clients,
building users, constructors, co-professionals and society as a whole;
the role of the architect within the design team and construction industry, recognising the importance of current methods and trends in the construction of the built environment ;
the potential impact of building projects on existing and proposed communities.


GC7 Understanding of the methods of investigation and preparation of the brief for a design project
The graduate will have an understanding of: 
critically reviewing precedents relevant to the function, organisation, and technological strategy of design projects;
appraising and preparing building briefs of diverse scales and types to define user requirements, and their appropriateness to site and context;
the contributions of architects and co-professionals to the formulation of the brief, and the methods of investigation used in its preparation.


GC8 Understanding of the structural design, constructional and engineering problems associated with building design
The graduate will have an understanding of: 
the investigation and critical appraisal of alternative structural, constructional and material systems relevant to architectural design;

strategies for building construction, and ability to integrate knowledge of structural theories and construction techniques;

the physical properties and characteristics of building materials, components and systems, and the environmental impact of specification choices.

GC9 Adequate knowledge of physical problems and technologies and the function of buildings so as to provide them with internal conditions of comfort
and protection against the climate

The graduate will have an adequate knowledge of: 
principles associated with designing optimum visual, thermal and acoustic environments; 
alternative systems for environmental comfort realised within relevant precepts of sustainable design, and ability to critically appraise these;
strategies for building services in a design project, and ability to integrate an understanding of environmental theories and techniques.


GC10 The necessary design skills to meet building users' requirements within the constraints imposed by cost factors and building regulations
critically examine the financial factors implied in varying building types, constructional systems, and specification choices, and the impact of these on architectural design;

understand the cost control mechanisms which operate during the development of a project;

prepare designs that will meet building users' requirements and comply with UK legislation and health and safety requirements, both during construction and occupation.

GC11 Adequate knowledge of the industries, organisations, regulations and procedures involved in translating design concepts into buildings and
integrating plans into overall planning

The graduate will have an adequate knowledge of: 
the fundamental legal, professional and statutory responsibilities of the architect, and the organisations, regulations and procedures involved in the negotiation and approval of architectural designs, including land law, development control, building regulations and health and safety legislation
The professional inter-relationships of individuals and organisations involved in procuring and delivering architectural projects, and how these are defined through contractual and organisational structures
The basic management theories and business principles related to running both an architects' practice and architectural projects, recognising current and emerging trends in the construction industry.